If you’re flying drones for commercially (that means you’re making money in some capacity from your flight), then the Federal Aviation Administration requires you hold a Remote Pilot Certificate — also known as a drone pilot license.
So how do you get a drone pilot license? Unless you currenttly have a manned pilot’s license, the only way to get an FAA Remote Pilot Certificate is by passing an in-peerson, written, UAS test called the Remote Pilot Aeronautical Knowledge Test.
“It’s a great idea,” said Logan Campbell, CEO of drone consulting firm Aerotas. “It forces people to understand how to keep the national airspace safe, which is really what the FAA cares about most.”
Drone operators with existing Part 61 pilot certificates can bypass the in-person, written exam and instead take an online course. But for drone operators without a traditional pilot’s license, you’ll have to take the test.
I gave a pretty detailed outline of my experience taking the Part 107 test, which you should check out here.
Here are some commonly asked questions (and accompanying answers!) related to everything you need to know about the test:
Where you can take the FAA’s UAS aeronautical knowledge test:
The test can be taken at one of the 696, FAA-approved knowledge testing centers in the United States. Here’s a list of locations where you can take the aeronautical knowledge test. Applicants need to schedule the testing appointment in advance and bring a government-issued photo ID.
How do I study for the UAS aeronautical knowledge test?
Use the FAA’s course for existing, manned aircraft pilots: The FAA released its own version of a Part 107 UAS online training course. But it likely won’t be enough. That course is intended for Part 61 Pilot Certificate holders (people with an existing pilot’s license). Thus, it glosses over vital information you’ll need to know like weather and reading sectional chartts. The good news: anyone, including non-pilots, can register and take for free. Read more about the training course here.
Read the official FAA handbook: While the test will include a mix of both drone-specific and general manned aircraft questions, some readers have also pointed out that the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, which is the official FAA handbook, is a good place to start studying for more general airspace knowledge. You can pick up your own copy here.
Take an online study course: Many private companies have also put together training sessions (either in-person, webinars, practice tests, etc). that provide a clear look at exactly what you’ll need to know for the test. I recommend this as the best way to study, as you’ll get practice questions (including actual test questions), video lectures, study guides and more.
Here are the study courses I would recommend:
- UAV Ground School: Gold Seal’s online Part 107 course. Use promo code DRONEGIRL to save $25 and take that price down to just $174.
- Drone Launch Academy: this is another professional, online training course with repeatable videos and study guides. Use DRONEGIRL50 or this link to get $50 off!
- Drone Pilot Ground School offers a fantastic online training course with practice tests and repeatable videos (this is actually the course I used…and I passed on my first try!)
What questions does the FAA’s UAS aeronautical knowledge test ask?
The FAA drone test areas include:
- Applicable regulations relating to small unmanned aircraft system rating privileges, limitations, and flight operation
- Airspace classification and operating requirements, and flight restrictions affecting small unmanned aircraft operation
- Aviation weather sources and effects of weather on small unmanned aircraft performance
- Small unmanned aircraft loading and performance
- Emergency procedures
- Crew resource management
- Radio communication procedures
- Determining the performance of small unmanned aircraft
- Physiological effects of drugs and alcohol
- Aeronautical decision-making and judgment
- Airport operations
- Maintenance and pre-flight inspection procedures
How much will the aeronautical drone test cost?
Costs are determined by the individual testing center. However, it seems most centers charge $150. That’s less than any other airman certification that allows for non-recreational operations in the national airspace.
Worried about failing and losing your money? Some of my favorite Part 107 test prep courses, such as Drone Launch Academy, will pay for you to retake it, which is an $150 value in itself, on top of a course refund (an additional $199 value).
And if you had signed up for Drone Pilot Ground School and don’t pass, they’ll at least cover your testing fee (normally $150) if you also pass one of their practice exams with a score greater than 85%.
How is the FAA Part 107 test be formatted?
The UAS aeronautical knowledge test is a set of 60 multiple choice questions with a single correct response for each one, according to the FAA’s draft. Each test question is independent of the other questions, so a correct response to one does not influence the response of another. Here’s the breakdown of questions by topic:
What happens if I fail the FAA’s aeronautical knowledge test?
No sweat! You may not retake the knowledge test for 14 calendar days from the date of the previous failure, so use that time to relax and refresh on the parts you are unsure of. After two weeks, you can retest. You don’t even have to tell your teachers what happened — no instructor endorsement or other form of written authorization is required to retest.
How do I renew my Part 107 license?
Once you have your Remote Pilot Certificate, you’ll need to renew your drone pilot license every two years. Again, you take your recurrent test at likely the same spot you took your initial test. Book a testing appointment at one of around 700 FAA-approved knowledge testing centers across the United States and achieve at least a 70% score to pass.
This test will be slightly different. Among the most noticeable changes: the recurrent test does not ask questions on weather, loading and performance airmen certification standard. Note that those Sectional Charts are still on the recertification test.
Happy flying, and studying!